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Overview

The online editor allows you to edit the source code of your builds from a web browser. It also gives you the possibility to open terminals, Python consoles, Odoo Shell consoles and Notebooks.

./media/interface-editor.png

You can access the editor of a build through :ref:`the branches tabs <odoosh-gettingstarted-branches-tabs>`, :ref:`the builds dropdown menu <odoosh-gettingstarted-builds-dropdown-menu>` or by adding /odoo-sh/editor to your build domain name (e.g. https://odoo-addons-master-1.dev.odoo.com/odoo-sh/editor).

Edit the source code

The working directory is composed of the following folders:

.
├── home
│    └── odoo
│         ├── src
│         │    ├── odoo                Odoo Community source code
│         │    │    └── odoo-bin       Odoo server executable
│         │    ├── enterprise          Odoo Enterprise source code
│         │    ├── themes              Odoo Themes source code
│         │    └── user                Your repository branch source code
│         ├── repositories             The Git repositories used by your project
│         ├── data
│         │    ├── filestore           database attachments, as well as the files of binary fields
│         │    └── sessions            visitors and users sessions
│         └── logs
│              ├── install.log         Database installation logs
│              ├── odoo.log            Running server logs
│              ├── update.log          Database updates logs
│              └── pip.log             Python packages installation logs

You can edit the source code (files under /src) in development and staging builds. For production builds, the source code is read-only, because applying local changes on a production server is not a good practice.

To open a file in the editor, just double-click on it in the file browser panel on the left.

./media/interface-editor-open-file.png

You can then begin to make your changes. You can save your changes with the menu :menuselection:`File --> Save .. File` or by hitting the :kbd:`Ctrl+S` shortcut.

./media/interface-editor-save-file.png

If you save a Python file which is under your Odoo server addons path, Odoo will detect it and reload automatically so your changes are reflected immediately, without having to restart the server manually.

./media/interface-editor-automaticreload.gif

However, if the change is a data stored in database, such as the label of a field, or a view, you have to update the according module to apply the change. You can update the module of the currently opened file by using the menu :menuselection:`Odoo --> Update current module`. Note that the file considered as currently opened is the file focused in the text editor, not the file highlighted in the file browser.

./media/interface-editor-update-current-module.png

You can also open a terminal and execute the command:

Commit & Push your changes

You have the possibility to commit and push your changes to your Github repository.

  • Open a terminal (:menuselection:`File --> New --> Terminal`),
  • Change the directory to ~/src/user using cd ~/src/user,
  • Stage your changes using git add,
  • Commit your changes using git commit,
  • Push your changes using git push https HEAD:<branch>.

In this last command,

  • https is the name of your HTTPS Github remote repository (e.g. https://github.com/username/repository.git),
  • HEAD is the reference to the latest revision you committed,
  • <branch> must be replaced by the name of the branch to which you want to push the changes, most-likely the current branch if you work in a development build.
./media/interface-editor-commit-push.png

Note

The SSH Github remote is not used because your SSH private key is not hosted in your build containers (for obvious security concerns) nor forwarded through an SSH Agent (as you access this editor through a web browser) and you therefore cannot authenticate yourself to Github using SSH. You have to use the HTTPS remote of your Github repository to push your changes, which is added automatically named as https in your Git remotes. You will be prompted to enter your Github username and password. If you activated the two-factor authentication on Github, you can create a personal access token and use it as password.

Note

The Git source folder ~/src/user is not checked out on a branch but rather on a detached revision: This is because builds work on specific revisions rather than branches. In other words, this means you can have multiple builds on the same branch, but on different revisions.

Once your changes are pushed, according to your :ref:`branch push behavior <odoosh-gettingstarted-branches-tabs-settings>`, a new build may be created. You can continue to work in the editor you pushed from, as it will have the same revision as the new build that was created, but always make sure to be in an editor of a build using the latest revision of your branch.

Consoles

You can open Python consoles, which are IPython interactive shells. One of the most interesting addition to use a Python console rather than a IPython shell within a terminal is the rich display capabilities. Thanks to this, you will be able to display objects in HTML.

You can for instance display cells of a CSV file using pandas.

./media/interface-editor-console-python-read-csv.png

You can also open an Odoo Shell console to play around with the Odoo registry and model methods of your database. You can also directly read or write on your records.

Warning

In an Odoo Console, transactions are automatically committed. This means, for instance, that changes in records are applied effectively in the database. If you change the name of a user, the name of the user is changed in your database as well. You therefore should use Odoo consoles carefully on production databases.

You can use env to invoke models of your database registry, e.g. env['res.users'].

The class Pretty gives you the possibility to easily display lists and dicts in a pretty way, using the rich display mentioned above.

./media/interface-editor-console-odoo-pretty.png

You can also use pandas to display graphs.

./media/interface-editor-console-odoo-graph.png